Kamojang geothermal field area is planned to be able to store the surplus of surface water in underground therefore there is no leak off surface water debit at dry season. Kamojang geothermal reservoir is dominated by vapor with temperature of 235 245 c and pressure of 34 35 bar abs. Yasa industri nusantara bppt are currently focusing on developing small scale geothermal power plant pltp as in kamojang, garut, west java. Halliburton geothermal r recruitment project management.
All trademarks and s on this website are property of their respective owners. This is the oldest type of geothermal power plant, and in use at the largest single source of geothermal power. Pge decided to do a more comprehensive project scheme, in which it developed the steam field in combination with the power plant and made an electricity sales contract with pt. Guide to geothermal heat pumps department of energy. About geothermal heat pumps while many parts of the country experience seasonal temperature. Magnetic and gravity methods for geothermal exploration dr. Kamojang to reach full capacity again with new 30 mw. In high temperature geothermal systems, the underground waters are very hot, usually, over 140 c. Currently there is a development of adding another 30 mwe to. Having operated at only around 205 mw the kamojang geothermal power plan complex in bandung, west java is expected to come back online at full capacity by october 2017. Kamojang gbu has 375 mw installed capacity that operates of 3 sub units consist of. The geysers is, at present, the largest geothermal electric power installation in the world.
Geothermal energy, in the broadest sense, is the natural heat of the earth. The kamojang geothermal power plant complex consists of three units unit 1, unit 2 and unit 3 operated by pt indonesia power a subsidiary of pln, while the two other units unit 4 and unit 5 are under the management of pertamina geothermal energy. Until the year of 1928 it had made five geothermal exploration drilling, but the one succeeded in producing steam was only well kmj3 with the depth of 66 meters. With 8,480 mwe potential from 15 geothermal concessions, pge will play a very important role in future geothermal energy development in indonesia.
Indonesia, kamojang, geothermal reservoir engineering. The overall installed capacity is expected to reach again its maximum capacity of 235 mw with. With its built capacity of 30 mwe, it constantly supply electricity to javabali grid for more than 30 years now. According to this condition, the sustainable production in the geothermal field will not be accomplished in the unbalanced mass. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader alternatively, you can also download the pdf file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a pdf reader. Preliminary analysis of drysteam geothermal power plant by. Environmental management system risks and opportunities. Statebystate guides to geothermal energy potential. Geothermal in indonesia low carbon development profile, status and role of market mechanism. The development, which taps naturally occurring geothermal steam, is the product of a tenyear program of work funded jointly by the indonesian and new zealand governments. It is located in an area of high elevation, 40 km south. Water content of the kawah kamojang geothermal reservoir. As a result of its volcanic geology, it is often reported that indonesia has 40% of the worlds potential geothermal resources, estimated at 28,000 megawatts mw.
Kamojang, west java was conducted by survey in geothermal field area following the line transect 6 km along to the east, north west and south from the power house of geothermal power plant. Kamojang, popularly known as kawah kamojang or the kamojang crater, is a geothermal. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here. Paper open access enhancement of subsurface geologic. Each survey spanned the geysers geothermal field and consisted of typically 40 monuments. Assessment of steam supply for the expansion of generation capacity from 140 to 200 mw, kamojang geothermal field, west java, indonesia subir k. The kawah kamojang geothermal field is located 42 km south east of bandung in west java, on the gandapuraguntur volcano complex.
The kamojang geothermal field is one of the worlds few developed dry steam reservoir. May 25, 2019 recall yemen euro crisis roundup mining solar frontier coal provence asorc himachal pradesh canada strike russia oil sands natgas ningxia european union turkey eurocrisis isis steel morocco salgar power plant solar west virginia cement plant wind energy automotive geothermal energy nuclear nakodar gold egbin minas gerais sale euro fukushima. Japan followed in 1966 and the former soviet union in 1967. The plants unit 1 saw a damage to its turbine in april 2014 and has not been operating since. Pdf geophysical structure of the kamojang geothermal. Guide to geothermal heat pumps geothermal heat pumps are among the most efficient and comfortable heating and cooling technologies available because they use the earths natural heat to provide heating, cooling, and often, water heating. The current geothermal field is on the slopes of mt guntur, about 7 km to the west of the peak of the mountain. Halliburton geothermal r free download as powerpoint presentation. Pertamina geothermal energy helps revitalising lake near kamojang. Kamojang geothermal project design document 900 kb.
Kamojang unit 123 constantly produces 140,000 kwe with high quality equivalent availability factor eaf of 93% on average which comes from 1,000 th steam supply. There, the agency developed a geothermal power plant 3 megawatt mw scale with a. Geothermal fluid waste from a kamojang well of approximately 160. Pge exploring geothermal development at gunung masigit area near kamojang. Daerah geothermal kamojang berlokasi di garut, jawa barat, indonesia, daerah tersebut secara geografis terletak di 07 0 11 02 07 0 06 08 lintang selatan dan 107 0 44 36 107 0 4930 bujur timur dan ketinggian topografinya. Sustainable development of the kamojang geothermal field. Pdf interstratified illitemontmorillonite in kamojang. Pdf geothermal power generation in indonesia, a country. However, the utilization ratio of this potential is small, less than 5%, generate 1533.
Jakarta pt pertamina geothermal energi pge said it has started the commercial operation of its geothermal power plant pltp kamojang unit 5 in garut, west java, indonesias first and oldest geothermal plant in the country. The processed data is interpreted to delineate and locate the promising geothermal area in the kamojang geothermal field. Thinkgeoenergy is the leading geothermal energy news website, with news from the global geothermal power and large scale direct use industry. Read the latest articles of geothermics at, elseviers. Problems arise from the development of direct use in kamojang geothermal field, indonesia are mostly nontechnical, among others, difficulties in acquiring land. Raharjo and virginia maris and phil wannamaker and david s. Flash steam power plants are the most common type geothermal power plants. The most likely power potential lies between 180 mwe to 250 mwe for 25 years operation. Lahendong is a liquid system in the north block and becoming a twophase in the south block. In the kamojang geothermal field 100% utilization of the geothermal steam is used for power generation. The fields are associated with andesitic stratovolcanos of the sunda volcanic arc. Lahendong geothermal field is located approximately 30 km to the south of manado city in tomohon district, minahasa, north. This paper presents an assessment of the feasibility of this expansion from the point of view of resource supply.
Melakukan kerja untuk mengetahui siklus kompresi uap hvac heating ventilation air conditioning di pt pertamina geothermal energy, kamojang. Kamojang geothermal field is located in garut, west java, indonesia. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plug. Kamojang is the first geothermal field in indonesia with a vapor dominated system reservoir. Geothermal business structure previously, all geothermal working areas gwa are exclusive to be managed by.
The kamojang geothermal field has an installed generation capacity of 140 mw and another 60 mw is planned to be added. Polyembryony and apomixis in eriotheca pubescens malvaceae bombacoideae. Kamojang, on the other hand, is a vapor system, and this paper tries to compare the resistivity signature of the two systems. Pge area kamojang secara aktif melakukan penghematan dan konservasi energy untuk proses produksi maupun fasilitas pendukungnya yang dapat dilihat dari penurunan houseload total energi. The demonstration plant is located in the lahendong geothermal area. It was first producing steam in 1978 to generate electricity for its own use through a 250 kw monoblock unit. Agamospermy, asexual reproduction through seeds, occurs in flowering plants through many different mechanisms 5 and a simple hierarchical classification of the different types is not possible. Stage 1 development of the kamojang geothermal power station. Kawah kamojang is the site of first 30 mw geothermal power station in indonesia it lies some 40 km south east from the city of bandung on the indonesian island of java. Indonesia is located about 60 km south of bandung west. Pdf the geophysical exploration of the kamojang geothermal field was undertaken in two phases, a reconnaissance phase between 1972. The kgf is a vapordominated system with reservoir boundary covered an area of about 14 km 2 to 21 km 2 figure 2. Pdf the vapor dominated kamojang geothermal field is located about 35 km south of bandung, the capital city of west jawa province. These monuments had been previously employed in a series of first order leveling surveys during the 1970s.
Aug 16, 2019 francis ponge the voice of things pdf francis ponge has been called the poet of things because simple objects like a plant, a shell, a cigarette, a pebble, or a piece of soap are the. Magnetic and gravity methods for geothermal exploration. Interstratified illitemontmorillonite in kamojang geothermal. Use the download button below or simple online reader. The kamojang geothermal field international geothermal. Declined mass trends of unbalanced production to recharge. Java kamojang geothermal area open energy information. Geothermal boundary based on geological and geophysical data. Pdf surface thermal manifestation monitoring of kamojang.
The current geothermal field is on the slopes of mt guntur, about 7 km to the west of the peak. Finally, the nature of the operation and management of the station, g being carried out will prospect of possible future development at kamojang and elsewhere are given. The field has been producing electricity since 1978. Jan 01, 2015 read the first repeated absolute gravity measurement for geothermal monitoring in the kamojang geothermal field, indonesia, geothermics on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Dec 01, 2010 read sustainable development of the kamojang geothermal field, geothermics on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. The geothermal resources council grc, geothermal energy association gea, and geothermal exchange organization geo have released guidance for u. The construction of the power plant has been completed two months ahead of schedule. Appendix 1 pdd kamojang v9 2011 04 05 track 920 kb registration request form 440 kb sdc description report not available.
Kamojang, popularly known as kawah kamojang or the kamojang crater, is a geothermal field and tourist spot in west java, indonesia. Besides wayang windu, the developed fields include kamojang 200 mwe installed, suryadharma et al, 2010 and darajat 260 mwe installed, suryadharma et al, 2010, which are both vapordominated. Geothermal energy is totally distinctive, easy to obtain continuously, uninfluenced by weather, simply enough to explore and most importantly, it needs relatively quite low investment. The geothermal field of kamojang, the first developed in. Brown1, sayogi sudarman2 and syafei sulaiman2 1 geothermex, inc. Jun 22, 2016 related with guidebook to geothermal power finance. Project title kamojang geothermal project design document 900 kb accepted 14 jun 2011 view previous. The kamojang geothermal field is located in high volcanic terrain beneath the upper slopes of the gandapura volcanic complex in west java, indonesia. Lichen diversity in geothermal area of kamojang, bandung. It is located in the volcanic terrain of west java indonesia, 1500 m above sea level m a. Gravity prospecting is one of the geophysical methods for obtaining a gross model of the structure of a geothermal system. Kamojang geothermal field on the island of java in indonesia is in a large volcanic chain, 15 km long and 4.
Kamojang geothermal field, with the well named kmj3, which produced steam in 1926, was a milestone in geothermal drilling, the first exploration by the dutch colonial government. The expansion of geothermal capacity will free up petroleum resources for export to earn. Sub unit of kamojang, sub unit of darajat, and sub unit of gunung salak. The file extension pdf and ranks to the documents category. The densities of water and steam are 814 and 168 kgm3. Temperatures can be even higher, such as, for example, in larderello toscana 260 c, cerro prieto messico 388 c or s. Geochemicalhydrochemical evaluation of the geothermal potential. Pdf geophysical structure of the kamojang geothermal field java. The kamojang geothermal field is one of only a few dry steam reservoirs in the world which have been developed for energy production. The lichen samples were taken from bark, soil, and stone. Special issue on the sustainable utilization of geothermal energy. The continued move from coal to geothermal heating for smokeless cities in china. The crater is located in subdistrict ibun in the bandung regency, approximately 45 km to the southeast of bandung through the towns of majalaya and ibun.
Kamojang geothermal field kgf, the oldest geothermal field in indonesia, is located in garut and bandung area, west java. Design of a geothermal energy dryer for beans and grains. By means of a numerical model it is shown that the design capacity of 500 kw. The important role of the kamojang geothermal field celebrating 35year of geothermal produc. Unit1 kamojang geothermal power plant marked the new era of renewable energy in indonesia. The geophysical exploration of the kamojang geothermal field was undertaken in two phases, a reconnaissance phase between 1972 and 1974 and a followup survey between 1976 and 1980. A global solution suryantini institut teknologi bandung direct use in the phase of desk study geothermal low enthalpy for manufacturing. Lesson learned from kamojang geothermal steam field. They generally require the use of hydrothermal fluids above in the range of 300 700f. Kamojang generation business unit gbu is the biggest geothermal generating station in indonesia and is owned by pt indonesia power. The researched area is a geothermal field located in the. There, the agency developed a geothermal power plant 3 megawatt mw scale with a condensing system. Kamojang is the first geothermal field in indonesia, and it is known as one of the vapordominated systems of the world. Geothermal power generation in indonesia, a country within the ring of fire.
Geothermal power in indonesia is an increasingly significant source of renewable energy. Kamojang gbu is a power plant that uses geothermal as its prime energy supply. The development of kamojang unit 123 since the 1980s marked the first utilization of indonesias geothermal field. The value found for the saturation is a very attractive one. The kamojang geothermal field has expanded the production by adding another 60 mwe in 2008 where pt. Geologic structure plays important role in controling the path of fluid flow and circulation of geothermal system. Many other countries began geothermal electricity generation shortly thereafter. Jul 10, 2019 the power plant was first commissioned in and used to be under the napocor. Geothermal energy development for electric power generation will make up approximately 1,200 megawatts of this new capacity.
Over those period, unit1 has given its best performance with highest achievement on capacity factor cf and equivalent availability factor eaf. The kamojang geothermal field is located in the western part of java island. Kamojang geothermal field on the island of java in indonesia is in a large volcanic. This has been proven by drilling wells and operation of the kamojang unit 4 geothermal power plant to make a total install capacity of 200 mwe. Direct application of steam geothermal for oyster mushroom. The researched area is a geothermal field located in the quaternary volcanic caldera system of about 0. Mohon informasinya mengenai list pembangkit listrik tenaga panas bumi geothermal di indonesia baik itu milik pemerintah ataupun swasta. Potensi energi panas bumi di indonesia direktori file upi. The heat will be extracted to produce a room drying temperature, for which coffee bean will be used as an experi. Pertamina unit starts commercial operation of geothermal. Bppt are currently focusing on developing small scale geothermal power plant pltp as in kamojang, garut, west java.
Geology, energy potential and development of indonesias. Indonesias geothermal energy is estimated contain up to 16. Proceedings world geothermal congress 2010 bali, indonesia, 2529 april 2010 1 lessons learned from kamojang geothermal steam field management. The potential resources calculated using volumetric analysis suggest a power potential of 150250 mwe pertamina kamojang, 1999 within the reservoir area of 7,52 km2 12,5 km2. The objectives of this study are to perform the exergy analysis and ambient temperature optimization of the kamojang geothermal power plant by employing.
The important role of the kamojang geothermal field celebrating year of geothermal produc. Hydrothermal system, water recharge, and artificial recharge introduction location kamojang geothermal field is located approximately. The volcanism in kamojang region consists of a quartenary volcanic succession that produces lavas with andesitic and basaltic composition. The first geothermal wells in indonesia were drilled at kamojang in 1926 by the dutch colonial government. Geothermics special issue on the sustainable utilization of. The power plant was first commissioned in and used to be under the napocor. Pge pertamina geothermal energy area kamojang memasok daya listrik sebesar 200 mwe untuk jaringan jawabali melalui pltp kamojang unit iv. Pdf resistivity structures of lahendong and kamojang. Kamojang, on the other hand, is a vapor system, and this paper tries to. Deformation study of kamojang geothermal field request pdf. Pertamina geothermal energy project design document 663 kb. Kamojang to reach full capacity again with new 30 mw turbine. Sustainable energy development and water supply security.611 579 468 968 919 488 562 1533 255 1505 888 409 1341 997 619 966 1239 145 295 388 798 934 852 812 509 1090 751 682 81 1246 475 91